The National Multi-Agency Cholera Technical Working Group (TWG) at the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) is monitoring situation in eight states, were there are reports of suspected cholera cases.
The NCDC Director-General, Dr Chikwe Ihekweazu, made this known in an interview on Tuesday in Abuja while giving an update for cholera case in the country.
Ihekweazu said as at March, Benue, Delta, Zamfara, Gombe, Bayelsa, Kogi, Sokoto and Nasarawa states have reported suspected cholera cases.
Cholera is an endemic and seasonal disease, occurring annually mostly during the rainy season and more often in areas with poor sanitation, overcrowding, lack of clean food and water, and areas where open defecation is common practice.
He also said as of March 28, a total of 1,746 suspected cases including 50 deaths with a Case Fatality Rate of 2.9 per cent have been reported from Benue, Delta, Zamfara, Gombe, Bayelsa, Kogi, Sokoto and Nasarawa, of the confirmed cases, 63.2 per cent were aged five to 14 years.
He added that out of the suspected cases, 48 per cent were females and 52 per cent were males.
He further said that Most people infected with cholera do not develop any symptoms, although the bacteria are present in their faeces for 1-10 days after infection and are shed back into the environment, potentially infecting other people.
He explained that mong people who develop symptoms, the majority have mild or moderate symptoms, while minority developed acute watery diarrhoea with severe dehydration. This can lead to death if left untreated.